An Examination of How District Attorneys Perceive Justice.
Jacqueline Suzanne Chavez,
Troy University, US
Dr. Jackie Chavez joined the faculty as an assistant professor at Troy University in 2013. She received a Bachelor of Science degree in Psychology and a Master of Science in Criminal Justice from The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, and her Ph.D. from the Department of Sociology at Mississippi State University, Starkville, Mississippi.
Dr. Scott A. Mathers joined the faculty as an assistant professor at Eastern Washington University in 2013. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Sociology from Coe College and a Masters degree in Sociology from Western Illinois University, and a Ph.D. from the Department of Sociology at Mississippi State University, Starkville, Mississippi.
Scholars have identified four primary types of justice: distributive, procedural, interpersonal, and informational. These four types of justice correspond, respectively, to the perceived fairness of one’s outcomes, to the perceived fairness of the procedures used to determine one’s outcomes, to the degree to which people are treated with dignity and respect, and to whether individuals receive complete, truthful, and timely explanations of procedures and decisions. A significant amount of criminal justice research has examined how perceptions of justice affect attitudes and behavior (Denver 2011). Understanding how district attorneys view justice gives insight into the decisions they make including how to dispose of cases, what charges to bring against defendants, what sentences to recommend, and even how victims should be treated throughout the court process. As noted by Colquitt (2001), a large number of studies have sought to link justice perceptions to a variety of organizational outcomes, including job satisfaction, organizational commitment, withdrawal, and organizational citizenship behavior (p. 425). Nonetheless, the extant literature is lacking on conceptualizations of justice related to jury trials. Since ensuring that justice prevails is the primary responsibility of the district attorney (Felkenes 1975), this study seeks to examine district attorneys’ perceptions of justice resulting from the use of jury trials.
How to Cite:
Chavez, J.S. and Mathers, S., 2019. An Examination of How District Attorneys Perceive Justice.. International Journal for Court Administration, 10(1), pp.35–46. DOI: http://doi.org/10.18352/ijca.257